Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta (UMS) is a university institution under Muhammadiyah organization, established October 24, 1981 as a change from IKIP Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Initially UMS is a faculty of teacher and education sciences (FKIP) Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta branch of Surakarta founded in 1957. At that time it opened majoring in general education, general economics and religious education of Islam for undergraduate programs.

After obtaining the establishment permit in 1965, FKIP Muhammadiyah branch of Surakarta became two institutions of university, that is Institut Keguruan dan Pendidikan (IKIP) Muhammadiyah Surakarta and Institut Agama Islam Muhammadiyah (IAIM).

Two years later in 1967, IKIP Muhammadiyah Surakarta added a civil law department. In the same year, IKIP Muhammadiyah Surakarta was granted permission as a Muhammadiyah parent college in Central Java consisting of IKIP Muhammadiyah Klaten, Magelang, Kudus, Purwokerto, Kebumen, Wates, Temanggung, Wonogiri, Sukoharjo, Karanganyar, Banjarnegara, Prambanan, Purbalingga, Wonosari and Sragen.

In 1979, Drs. H. Mohamad Djazman Rector of IKIP Muhammadiyah Surakarta initiated the establishment of Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta by unifying IKIP Muhammadiyah Surakarta with IAIM Surakarta. After two years, in 1981 IKIP Muhammadiyah Surakarta renamed Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. At that time, UMS manages several faculty such as faculty of teacher and education, faculty of economics, faculty of law, faculty of engineering, and faculty of Islamic science.and then according to the needs of the society, currently UMS has 12 Faculties and 54 study program consisting of undergraduate, master and doctoral programs.